In this tutorial, we will be using geoip2 to find a geolocation of any IP Address.
geoip2 is a Python package provided by Maxmind. Two different products are offered with the geoip2 package. First is a web service. This is a pay per use product. You will need to sign up for a User ID and license key to use this. Second, there is a free version in which the database will be downloaded and stored locally. The free version is what we’ll be covering here.
For starters, we will need to install the package:
mkdir ip_geolocation cd ip_geolocation pip install geoip2
Once installed, we need to download the database from the Maxmind website:
Download and unzip using the terminal:
wget http://geolite.maxmind.com/download/geoip/database/GeoLite2-City.tar.gz tar -xzf GeoLite2-City.tar.gz
When unzipped, you will see a folder with a date appended to it (i.e. GeoLite2-City_20180206). Since this database is updated periodically, future downloads will have a different folder name. In this folder, the file we’re interested in is GeoLite2-City.mmdb, which is the database.
In order to read from this database, we’ll need to create a new Python file and import the geoip2 package.
Create the file:
Import the package:
Next, we will create a new
reader variable and use that to open the database:
reader = geoip2.database.Reader('./GeoLite2-City_20180206/GeoLite2-City.mmdb')
Next, given an IP address, we can get the IP geolocation info.
response = reader.city('18.104.22.168')
Now that we have the geolocation contained in the response variable, we can print the data we’re looking for:
print(response.country.iso_code) # US print(response.subdivisions.most_specific.name) # Hawaii print(response.subdivisions.most_specific.iso_code) # HI print(response.city.name) # Kailua print(response.postal.code) # 96734 reader.close()
Notice that “subdivisions” is what contains the state info.
Maxmind also follows the standards set by International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which is reflected in the iso_code properties. More info regarding country ISO codes can be found here.
Final note: other databases and a web service (mentioned earlier) are provided by Maxmind. The paid alternatives are generally more accurate and updated more frequently.
Here is the contents of the full script:
import geoip2.database reader = geoip2.database.Reader('./GeoLite2-City_20180206/GeoLite2-City.mmdb') response = reader.city('22.214.171.124') print(response.country.iso_code) print(response.subdivisions.most_specific.name) print(response.subdivisions.most_specific.iso_code) print(response.city.name) print(response.postal.code) reader.close()
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